Anus Problems

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What it feels like: varies from itching, burning, or bleeding to pain, sometimes extreme.

What can make it worse: bowel movements, anal sex.

Your Doctor Visit

What your doctor will ask you about: pain, bleeding, burning, itch-ing, swelling, discharge, constipation, diarrhea, loss of control ofbowels, the presence of worms in stool, changes in urination.

Yourdoctor will also want to know if another doctor has ever performedan anal or rectal examination on you, including with a special cam-era called a sigmoidoscope.

Your doctor will want to know if you or anyone in your familyhas had any of these conditions: hemorrhoids, liver disease,Crohn’s disease, surgery to the anus or rectum, diabetes, worminfestations.

Your doctor will want to know if you’re taking any of these med-ications: rectal ointments, enemas, antibiotics.

Your doctor will do a physical examination including the fol-lowing: testing your stool for blood, rectal exam to check for tears,holes, or hemorrhoids, possibly using a tool called an anoscope tolook inside your anus.

 

WHAT CAN CAUSE ANUS PROBLEMS,AND WHAT IS TYPICAL FOR EACH CAUSE?

Cause : Hemorrhoids
What is it: Swollen blood vessels in the anus or rectum
Typical symptoms : Pain, bleeding, possibly a  mass of smooth, bluish tissue

Cause : Dermatitis
What is it: Skin inflammation near  the anus, a result of  infection or scratching
Typical symptoms : Itching, anal area may be red, moist, blistery, and  crusty

Cause : Fissures or fistulae
What is it:Tears in the tissue lining  the anus (fissures) or  holes (fistulae)
Typical symptoms : Anal tenderness, pain with bowel movements, itching, burning, constipation, discharge

Cause : Proctalgia
What is it: Sharp pain in the rectum
Typical symptoms :  Recurrent, intermittentpain in the rectum lastingat least 20 minutes

Cause : Perirectal abscess
What is it: Collection of pus as a   result of an infection
Typical symptoms : Extreme throbbing pain

Cause :  Prostatitis
What is it: Inflammation within the prostate
Typical symptoms : Changes in urination,  lower abdominal pain

Cause : Intestinal  parasite
What is it:Infection with organisms  such as pinworms, hookworms, or tapeworms
Typical symptoms :Itching, worms in vomit or  bowel movements, diarrhea, abdominal discomfort

Cause Cancer
What is it: An abnormal growth ofcells, may begin as a  benign growth (polyp)
Typical symptoms : Blood in stools, changes in habits related to bowel  movements

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