When the body of an organism is affected by abnormal condition, it can be said that organism is having a disease. Diseases can be classified into two types as non infectious and infectious diseases.
The main reason for infectious diseases is the presence pathogenic microbial agencies in the body such as:
• Multicellular organisms etc
Examples of some non infectious diseases are Cancer, heart diseases and Genetic diseases.
Chicken pox- A brief description:
One of the infectious diseases which are spreading in a drastic scale presently is chicken pox. Chicken is an airborne disease. Any human being can get chicken pox through coughing and sneezing or direct contact with secretions from the rashes of an ill person. Chicken pox is highly infectious one to two days before appearance of rashes. An individual affected by chicken pox remains infectious until all lesions have crusted on his body. Crusted lesions are not infectious whereas the period when new lesions appear is highly contagious.
Sign and symptoms of chicken pox:
Symptoms which can be seen in the early stage in an adolescent and an adult are:
• Loss of appetite
• Aching muscles etc
Consequently these symptoms convert and conclude that the disease is present by showing:
• Low grade fever
• Malaise etc
Rashes slowly make small red dots in the different parts of body.
Chicken pox rarely shows any undesirable action. Individual who generally get chicken pox are mostly male adults. Female adults and children are very less affected by the disease. If a pregnant woman is not immune properly then she has the risk of getting infected by the disease.
How we get chicken pox?
An individual who is not immune to chicken pox can easily get chicken pox. Most common reason to catch chicken pox is sharing contact with a person who is already suffering from chicken pox. A chicken pox affected individual can spread the disease if someone spends at least 15 minutes with him in a same room. Face to face contact with a chicken pox patient also spreads the disease. Actually, the viruses travel in the air tiny droplets of mucus and saliva from an infected person. This disease can also be passed to a non infected person if he touches the fluid coming out from blisters of an infected person.
Risk of chicken pox during pregnancy:
Chances to get chicken pox during pregnancy are very low. But if anybody gets infected by the disease then it can cause complications for both pregnant woman and the unborn baby. But generally chicken pox is very rare during pregnancy and does not cause any adverse effect on the body. There is a higher risk of getting chicken pox during pregnancy if a pregnant woman:
• Consume steroids for previous three months
• More than 20 weeks pregnant
Treatment for chicken pox:
Chicken pox is a very benign disease. So the basic aim for the treatment of this disease is treating the symptoms and curing them. Basically treatment of this disease is all about making the patient comfortable as more as possible. Sometimes antiviral medication is also provided to treat the disease. These antiviral medicines are often prescribed and are effective. Individuals who get chicken pox are highly infectious and should be treated properly so that it does not spread and the person can acquire speedy recovery.
- different type of chickenpox