Knowing about sleep apnea diagnosis and its significance


sleep apnea
sleep apnea diagnosis image
Sleep apnea can be defined as irregular breathing or reduced breathing that occurs while sleeping. There are three types of this disease and they include obstructive, central and complex form of sleep apnea. In the first type there is an interruption in breathing because the nasal passageways have been blocked and during the second type there is intermittent breathing. The third type is severe one and it consists of the symptoms of the obstructive and central ones respectively.

There are many steps that are involved in sleep apnea diagnosis so that the proper treatment of this disease can be done and person gets rid of it easily. The various steps that are taken into consideration and followed are mentioned below.

1. In the first step of sleep apnea diagnosis is that a specialist asks the person about his medical history and that of his family too. This is important as sleep apnea is usually hereditary and if this is the case then the suitable treatment can be done to eliminate it.

2. In the second step of sleep apnea diagnosis, a person along with his family will be asked about the symptoms of sleep apnea. This information is vital because if any of the family members is suffering from apnetic problem then it’s possible that he may not be aware of it and this can adversely affect his health. Furthermore, a person will be asked to keep a sleep diary and record such data that includes his time for sleeping and his time for waking up and any other physical symptom which he may be suffering from as well. After studying the data, doctor or specialist will then ascertain the right treatment for the person.

3. In third step of sleep apnea diagnosis, a person will be required to undergo a physical program. This is an important step as during this step, the mouth, throat and the nose of a person are thoroughly examined to see if there are any abnormal tissues that block the nasal passage ways and cause snoring and difficulty in breathing.

4. The fourth step is the most important and significant step in sleep apnea diagnosis. A person gets admitted to a sleep center. During this step, the doctor monitors the breathing pattern of an individual during his sleep. What happens is that a person will be required to go through a sleep test called polysomnography at the sleep centre. That is electrodes are attached to the different parts of the body. This test will record the activity of his brain, activity of his muscles, heart rate, eye movements, respiration and the amount of oxygen that is circulating in the blood.
After the test has been conducted, the doctor studies the result of the test and ascertains the type and the intensity of this sleeping problem. After this, he will be able to suggest the most appropriate treatment method that could be carried out to cure the disease.