Chicken pox is an airborne and viral disease. Chicken pox spreads drastically in air and affects the non infected person. Once a person is diagnosed with chicken pox then they should treated properly and the virus should be eliminated from the body of that individual. If the virus is not eliminated from the body of that individual after the episode of chicken pox is over then it may because he shingles chicken pox. The scientific name of shingles is Herpes Zoster. The virus which causes this disease is varicella zoster virus (VZV).
An introduction to shingles:
Shingles chicken pox is a viral disease. It occurs after an acute illness of chicken pox is resolved. Varicella zoster virus can hide itself within the body in the nerve call bodies without showing any type of symptoms. After many years or even decades, the virus may break itself from nerve cell bodies to cause viral infection of the skin in that region where that nerve exists. The discussed skin infection may modify itself to painful rashes. However, these rashes usually heal within three to five weeks. But it is not understood that the virus hides itself in the body and reactivates to cause pain in the body.
Signs and symptoms of shingles:
The earliest symptoms of shingles include headache, fever and malaise. The above mentioned symptoms show itself in a very early stage and may lead to incorrect diagnosis. Consequently these symptoms modify to:
• Agonizing pain
• Sensation of burning pain, etc
Painfulness of shingles chicken pox is proportional to the age of an individual. In simpler language, shingles causes less pain to children but older people leads a painful shingles. In a few number of patients, the disease may include some more symptoms such as:
• Hearing loss
• Rotational dizziness or vertigo
Prevention of shingles:
A marketed vaccine which is tested many times is zostavax. Boosting an individual with this vaccine lessens the risk of shingles chicken pox to 55 percent. Many centres and organisations which deal with the control and prevention of diseases recommended providing shingle vaccine to people of 60 years and above. But this vaccine should not be provided to the people who are presently suffering from shingles.
Antiviral drugs and steroids for shingles:
Antiviral drugs which reduces and limits intensity and period of shingles:
• Intravenous acyclovir
These antiviral drugs minimise the side effects but do not prevent the pain after the rash is gone. People who get frequent shingles attack are recommended to consume prescribed drug daily. The mostly prescribed steroid is corticosteroid. Corticosteroid treatment should be given to people who are more than 60 years of age because they have tendency to catch shingles.
Treatment for shingles:
The main aim of the treatment of shingles chicken pox is to minimize the intensity and period of pain and reducing the complications of the disease. Some treatment is also given to the pain after the rash is gone. The main goal is to make the patient comfortable by providing him proper medications and hospitality.
- types of chicken pox